This doesn't concern plagiarism, nor does it concern material that a DMCA take-down notice has been submitted for. It just concerns copyrighted, attributed content.
A few weeks ago, we had our first case of potential copyright infringement. A user posted this answer on the site, which contains a large section (the majority?) of somebody else's work. This work has a copyright notice on the top, which uses the words "All rights reserved". Permission has not been given for the document to be published on this website.
However, it is undoubtedly a valuable resource on the subject and, in this case, there is likely no other trace of it online. (It was sourced from an obscure post on Usenet in 1991, which cannot be found on Google Groups and may be lost forever.)
What should our general policy be on such situations?